Nguyên thủ quốc gia & định chế chủ tịch nước…

195
1265

Đại tướng Trần Đại Quang đi chữa bệnh từ tối 25/7/2017. Sự vắng mặt của ông ở trong Nước suốt hơn hai tuần qua đã tạo ra một khoảng trống cho các lời đồn đoán. Đây có thể chỉ là lựa chọn cá nhân. Các nhà lãnh đạo vốn vẫn hy vọng vào kết quả điều trị để xuất hiện trở lại trước công chúng một cách hoành tráng. Chuyện này từng xảy ra với Chủ tịch nước Lê Đức Anh.

Cuối 1996, Tướng Lê Đức Anh bị đột quỵ. [Ông bị xuất huyết não khá nặng. Theo bác sỹ Vũ Bằng Đình, Giám đốc Quân y viện 108, người trực tiếp cấp cứu. Thông tin về bệnh tình của Tướng Anh được giữ kín tuyệt đối. Hơn ba tháng sau, ông bắt đầu hồi phục. Bằng một ý chí sắt đá, Tướng Lê Đức Anh quyết định vẫn xuất hiện trên truyền hình, đài phát thanh, đọc lời chúc mừng năm mới (1997). Bác sỹ Vũ Bằng Đình nói: “Chúng tôi phải hộ tống ông từ bệnh viện ra phòng thu. Ống kính chỉ quay nửa người nên dân chúng không biết ông vẫn ngồi trên giường bệnh. Các bác sỹ nấp phía sau sẵn sàng cấp cứu”(tr319, Chương 19, Bên Thắng Cuộc II)].

Theo tôi, Ủy ban Thường vụ Quốc hội cần ra một quy chế, bắt buộc phải báo cáo với dân chúng trong trường hợp người giữ một số chức danh vì lý do sức khỏe hay lý do cá nhân không thể có mặt tại nhiệm sở trong một thời gian nhất định[có những nguyên thủ quốc gia chỉ cần vào phòng mổ là phải bàn giao quyền cho cấp phó]. Đặc biệt là với các chức danh có ảnh hưởng trực tiếp tới vận mệnh quốc gia như Chủ tịch nước, Thủ tướng…

Chúng ta không rõ bệnh tình của Đại tướng Trần Đại Quang thế nào. Nhưng, Chủ tịch nước là một định chế được Hiến pháp 2013 (Điều 88) trao cho khá nhiều quyền bính, đặc biệt có những quyền có thể phải thực thi bất cứ lúc nào như “công bố, bãi bỏ quyết định tuyên bố tình trạng chiến tranh; …ra lệnh tổng động viên hoặc động viên cục bộ, công bố, bãi bỏ tình trạng khẩn cấp”. Theo Điều 93 của Hiến pháp 2013 thì, “Khi Chủ tịch nước không làm việc được trong thời gian dài thì Phó Chủ tịch nước giữ quyền Chủ tịch nước”. Chắc chắn là khi Đại tướng Lê Đức Anh bị đột quỵ vào năm 1996, Ủy ban Thường vụ Quốc hội đã phải bố trí người đảm nhận trách nhiệm của ông; và có thể, khi Đại tướng Trần Đại Quang đi Nhật, ông cũng đã bàn giao công việc cho người thay thế.

Tuy nhiên, dân chúng phải được biết những quy trình ấy; đừng để dân chúng có cảm giác có những vị trí trong bộ máy nhà nước hiện nay chỉ tồn tại trên danh nghĩa. “Cô đi lấy chồng thì chợ vẫn vui”. Mặt khác, quyền lực của nguyên thủ quốc gia còn có giá trị biểu tượng. Dân chúng sẽ cảm thấy họ được tôn trọng khi được thông báo người thay thế dù Chủ tịch nước chỉ “không làm việc” trong một thời gian không dài. Tình trạng khẩn cấp có thể xảy ra bất cứ lúc nào bởi thiên tai địch họa. Và, nhỡ có điều gì đến với quốc gia, dân chúng sẽ rất hoang mang nếu họ thấy người phát đi các mệnh lệnh không phải là nguyên thủ được Quốc hội bầu lên mà từ một người họ chưa hề được thông báo thủ tục tạm trao quyền theo Hiến pháp.

PS: Đây là một ý kiến nghiêm túc trên cơ sở nghiên cứu các quyền Hiến định, tôi sẽ xóa những cmts suy diễn ác ý.

TRƯƠNG HUY SAN

195 COMMENTS

  1. Hi! I know this is kind of off topic but I was wondering if you knew where I could locate a captcha plugin for my comment form? I’m using the same blog platform as yours and I’m having problems finding one? Thanks a lot!|

  2. Thank you a bunch for sharing this with all people you actually understand what you are talking about! Bookmarked. Kindly additionally consult with my website =). We can have a hyperlink alternate arrangement between us|

  3. Hello, Neat post. There is an issue together with your website in internet explorer, would check this? IE nonetheless is the market chief and a big section of folks will pass over your excellent writing due to this problem.|

  4. Howdy are using WordPress for your blog platform? I’m new to the blog world but I’m trying to get started and create my own. Do you need any html coding expertise to make your own blog? Any help would be greatly appreciated!|

  5. My developer is trying to persuade me to move to .net from PHP. I have always disliked the idea because of the costs. But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using WordPress on a number of websites for about a year and am nervous about switching to another platform. I have heard fantastic things about blogengine.net. Is there a way I can import all my wordpress posts into it? Any kind of help would be really appreciated!|

  6. This is the right website for anybody who would like to find out about this topic. You realize a whole lot its almost tough to argue with you (not that I really would want to…HaHa). You definitely put a new spin on a subject that has been discussed for many years. Great stuff, just great!|

  7. My coder is trying to convince me to move to .net from PHP. I have always disliked the idea because of the expenses. But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using Movable-type on a variety of websites for about a year and am worried about switching to another platform. I have heard very good things about blogengine.net. Is there a way I can transfer all my wordpress content into it? Any kind of help would be really appreciated!|

  8. Definitely consider that which you said. Your favorite reason seemed to be at the internet the easiest factor to remember of. I say to you, I certainly get irked whilst folks consider issues that they plainly do not know about. You controlled to hit the nail upon the highest as well as defined out the entire thing with no need side-effects , other folks could take a signal. Will probably be again to get more. Thanks|

  9. Hello there! This is kind of off topic but I need some advice from an established blog. Is it very hard to set up your own blog? I’m not very techincal but I can figure things out pretty quick. I’m thinking about making my own but I’m not sure where to begin. Do you have any ideas or suggestions? Thanks|

  10. Do you have a spam problem on this website; I also am a blogger, and I was curious about your situation; many of us have developed some nice procedures and we are looking to exchange techniques with others, why not shoot me an email if interested.|

  11. You really make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this topic to be really something that I think I would never understand. It seems too complex and very broad for me. I am looking forward for your next post, I’ll try to get the hang of it!|

  12. What i don’t understood is in truth how you are no longer actually much more smartly-liked than you may be right now. You are very intelligent. You recognize thus significantly in the case of this matter, produced me in my opinion consider it from so many numerous angles. Its like men and women are not interested unless it is something to do with Woman gaga! Your individual stuffs great. At all times take care of it up!|

  13. Definitely believe that which you said. Your favorite justification appeared to be on the internet the easiest thing to be aware of. I say to you, I definitely get irked while people think about worries that they plainly do not know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top and defined out the whole thing without having side effect , people can take a signal. Will probably be back to get more. Thanks|

  14. An impressive share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a friend who has been doing a little homework on this. And he actually ordered me breakfast because I discovered it for him… lol. So let me reword this…. Thanks for the meal!! But yeah, thanx for spending the time to talk about this issue here on your site.|

  15. You really make it appear really easy along with your presentation but I in finding this topic to be really one thing that I feel I’d by no means understand. It seems too complex and extremely extensive for me. I am taking a look ahead for your next put up, I’ll attempt to get the hang of it!|

  16. After going over a number of the blog posts on your website, I honestly appreciate your way of writing a blog. I saved it to my bookmark site list and will be checking back in the near future. Take a look at my website too and tell me your opinion.|

  17. Hey would you mind letting me know which webhost you’re working with? I’ve loaded your blog in 3 completely different web browsers and I must say this blog loads a lot quicker then most. Can you recommend a good web hosting provider at a honest price? Many thanks, I appreciate it!|

  18. This design is steller! You most certainly know how to keep a reader amused. Between your wit and your videos, I was almost moved to start my own blog (well, almost…HaHa!) Wonderful job. I really loved what you had to say, and more than that, how you presented it. Too cool!|

  19. Magnificent goods from you, man. I’ve understand your stuff previous to and you’re just too great. I actually like what you have acquired here, certainly like what you are saying and the way in which you say it. You make it enjoyable and you still care for to keep it smart. I can’t wait to read much more from you. This is actually a terrific web site.|

  20. I am really loving the theme/design of your web site. Do you ever run into any internet browser compatibility problems? A handful of my blog visitors have complained about my site not operating correctly in Explorer but looks great in Firefox. Do you have any advice to help fix this problem?|

  21. Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though you relied on the video to make your point. You clearly know what youre talking about, why throw away your intelligence on just posting videos to your weblog when you could be giving us something enlightening to read?|

  22. Wonderful goods from you, man. I’ve take note your stuff prior to and you’re simply too wonderful. I really like what you have bought right here, really like what you are stating and the way through which you are saying it. You are making it entertaining and you still take care of to keep it wise. I can’t wait to read much more from you. This is actually a tremendous website.|

  23. Please let me know if you’re looking for a article author for your weblog. You have some really great posts and I think I would be a good asset. If you ever want to take some of the load off, I’d love to write some material for your blog in exchange for a link back to mine. Please send me an email if interested. Many thanks!|

  24. I love your blog.. very nice colors & theme. Did you design this website yourself or did you hire someone to do it for you? Plz answer back as I’m looking to design my own blog and would like to know where u got this from. thanks|

  25. It is perfect time to make some plans for the future and it is time to be happy. I have read this post and if I could I wish to suggest you some interesting things or tips. Perhaps you could write next articles referring to this article. I want to read even more things about it!|

  26. You could certainly see your expertise within the work you write. The sector hopes for more passionate writers like you who aren’t afraid to mention how they believe. At all times follow your heart.|

  27. My spouse and I stumbled over here by a different web address and thought I should check things out. I like what I see so now i’m following you. Look forward to going over your web page repeatedly.|

  28. Interesting blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download it from somewhere? A theme like yours with a few simple tweeks would really make my blog shine. Please let me know where you got your design. Thanks|

  29. It’s a shame you don’t have a donate button! I’d definitely donate to this fantastic blog! I guess for now i’ll settle for book-marking and adding your RSS feed to my Google account. I look forward to brand new updates and will talk about this site with my Facebook group. Chat soon!|

  30. Hi, i read your blog occasionally and i own a similar one and i was just curious if you get a lot of spam feedback? If so how do you protect against it, any plugin or anything you can suggest? I get so much lately it’s driving me crazy so any assistance is very much appreciated.|

  31. Good day! I know this is kinda off topic nevertheless I’d figured I’d ask. Would you be interested in trading links or maybe guest writing a blog post or vice-versa? My website covers a lot of the same subjects as yours and I feel we could greatly benefit from each other. If you might be interested feel free to shoot me an email. I look forward to hearing from you! Excellent blog by the way!|

  32. After going over a handful of the blog articles on your site, I honestly like your technique of writing a blog. I book-marked it to my bookmark website list and will be checking back in the near future. Please visit my website as well and tell me how you feel.|

  33. Hmm it looks like your site ate my first comment (it was extremely long) so I guess I’ll just sum it up what I wrote and say, I’m thoroughly enjoying your blog. I too am an aspiring blog blogger but I’m still new to everything. Do you have any points for beginner blog writers? I’d definitely appreciate it.|

  34. Hey there great blog! Does running a blog like this require a great deal of work? I’ve virtually no knowledge of programming but I was hoping to start my own blog soon. Anyways, should you have any ideas or techniques for new blog owners please share. I understand this is off topic nevertheless I just needed to ask. Cheers!|

  35. I was more than happy to uncover this site. I wanted to thank you for your time due to this fantastic read!! I definitely really liked every bit of it and I have you saved as a favorite to look at new stuff on your website.|

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here